Impacts and dynamics of volcanically-generated jökulhlaups, Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

Project Team

The project team members have a highly successful track record of collaboration and publication. Prof. Andy Russell has worked extensively with Prof. Fiona Tweed, Dr. Matthew Roberts, Dr. Jonathan Carrivick as well as with Dr. Andy Large, Dr. Anne-Sophie Mériaux, Dr. Stuart Dunning and Dr. Rob Duller on projects examining modern and ancient jökulhlaup impacts at the margins of most of Iceland’s glaciated volcanoes over the past 17 years.

Principal Investigator Andy Russell is Professor of Physical Geography at Newcastle University. Andy has 25 years experience of examining the geomorphological and sedimentary impact of floods in Iceland, Greenland and the UK. Over the past 14 years he has conducted 25 fieldwork campaigns in Iceland. He is a specialist in the impact of jökulhlaups on Icelandic proglacial fluvial systems. His experience in characterising the geomorphic and sedimentary impact of glacier outburst floods contributes directly to this project. Andy’s NERC-funded (GR3/10960 and GR3/12969) projects on the impact of the November 1996 and July 1999 jökulhlaups at Skeiðarárjökull and Sólheimajökull have provided tightly constrained models of flood impacts. He recently headed-up a NERC ARSF-supported project examining ice-marginal landscape change and proglacial fluvial response to rapid glacier retreat at Skeiðarárjökull, Iceland (IPY07/13). Andy was also Co-I on a NERC grant (NE/G011141/1) examining the impact of the September 2008 floods in north-east England and is currently Co-I on NERC research projects examining the impact of the 2009 Cumbria floods in the UK (NE/H025189/1) and Late-glacial and Holocene deglaciation chronology of north-east Iceland (NE/I016058/1).

Tel.: +44 (0)191 222 6951

Dr. Jonathan Carrivick is a Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography at the University of Leeds. He has 9 years of research experience on outburst floods in Iceland and New Zealand including outburst flood products, experimental modelling of outburst flood processes, and numerical hydrodynamic modelling. He has focused his research on understanding geomorphic impacts. To date, his research has attracted a NERC NI Research Grant (NE/F000235/1), two LiDAR flights and data-processing (via a NERC ARSF award and a EUFAR TransNational Grant), a Royal Society Research Grant to work on sediment-laden outburst floods at Mt Ruapehu volcano, New Zealand, and most recently the RGS Peter Fleming Award. Jonathan is also a named Co-I on NERC AFI grant (NE/F012896/1).

Tel.: +44 (0)113 34 33324

Dr. Stuart Dunning is a Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography at Northumbria University, specialises in the application of novel monitoring and modelling techniques to assess landscape change. His research uses and develops terrestrial-laser scanning techniques to quantify rates and processes of geomorphic change in mountainous terrain. He has extensive field experience of investigating flood induced change (e.g. SRG01/092009, NE/H025189/1).

Tel.: +44 (0)191 227 3819

Dr. Robert Duller is a Lecturer in Sedimentology at the University of Liverpool. Rob is an Earth scientist with expertise in sedimentary processes and sedimentary geology. His research focuses on using stratigraphy and palaeo-geomorphic markers to quantitatively understand the processes governing the evolution of sedimentary systems and the resulting sedimentary products. In 2007, he gained his PhD from Keele University on depositional processes associated with volcaniclastic jökulhlaups, Mýrdalssandur, southern Iceland. He has also held post-doctoral positions at CASP (Cambridge) and Imperial College University of London.


Dr. Andrew Large is Senior Lecturer in Physical Geography at Newcastle University. Over 20 years he has examined the geomorphological and sedimentary impact of floods and is highly experienced in the rapid acquisition of critical field data of high magnitude floods. His NERC-funded track record involves research to reconstruct the discharge of cyclone-generated major floods in South Africa and four successful bids to the NERC ARSF facility for LiDAR acquisition (River Coquet 2006 and 2008, River Derwent, 2009) and southeast Iceland (2007). Andy was PI on a NERC project (NE/G011141/1) examining the impact of the September 2008 floods and is currently involved in a NERC funded project examining the 2009 Cumbria flood impacts (NE/H025189/1).

Tel.: +44 (0) 191 222 6342

Qiuhua Liang is Professor of Hydrosystems Modelling in the School of Civil Engineering and Geosciences at Newcastle University. His research interests are mainly in computational hydraulics, flood simulation, and dam and dyke break modelling, but include pollutant and sediment transport and chaotic advection. Since 2004 he has published more than 30 refereed journal papers in leading international journals. He has made important contributions to shallow flow simulations over initial dry and complex domains. He is well known within the international hydraulic modelling community for his work on computational hydraulics, flood simulation and dam-break modelling. He is the main IPR holders of two licensed software programmes for computational fluid dynamics. He currently holds an EPSRC grant on the Adaptive Mesh Simulation of Different Scale Flood Inundation.

Tel.: +44 (0)191 222 6413

Dr. Anne-Sophie Mériaux is a Reader in Physical Geography at Newcastle University. She held the 2004 Young Fellow award of the IGGP-University of California for “outstanding contributions to the understanding of the tectonics of Asia and the development of morphochronology”. Her work has involved quantitative studies of tectonic geomorphology of Tibet, America and since 2008 in Iceland. Anne-Sophie has 13 years experience of mapping in active tectonics, glacial and fluvial geomorphology mapping using satellite imagery, aerial photographs, field surveys with total-station and dGPS.

Tel.: +44 (0) 191 222 8939

Málfríður Ómarsdóttir has a Bachelors degree in Geography from the University of Iceland and has recently completed her Masters in Environmental Science and natural resources with emphasis on glaciers and climate change. Her thesis was on the correlation between glacier change and climate change. Málfríður translated part of the Icelandic Meteorological Office’s webpage to English and has done various scientific translation work from Icelandic to English and vice versa. She has also studied glacial geology.


Dr. Matthew Roberts is a glaciologist and project leader for glacier hazards within the Monitoring and Forecast Division of the Icelandic Meteorological Office. He has 12 years of experience in the research of jökulhlaups and their impacts and has published numerous research articles in glaciology, seismology, and volcanology. He has years of experience in monitoring of earthquake and volcanic hazards in Iceland via continuous measurement. Matthew is the contact for seismic observations of jökulhlaups, and is responsible for a digital network of six borehole strainmeters located in south-west Iceland. These instruments provide continuous, high-resolution measurements of ground deformation, and are used primarily to forecast volcanic eruptions, including that at Eyjafjallajökull. Matthew has participated in a number of research projects on Mýrdalsjökull and Vatnajökull.

Tel.: + 354 522 6126

Fiona Tweed is Professor of Physical Geography in the Department of Geography at Staffordshire University. Fiona’s chief research themes are glacial and hazard geomorphology. Fiona is a recognised expert on jökulhlaup generation mechanisms, the evolution and behaviour of ice-dammed lakes, jökulhlaup processes and the impacts of associated flooding. She has over 20 years experience of researching glacial outburst floods in Iceland, where she has led 16 field research expeditions. Together with Andy Russell, Fiona led a NERC-funded project on the impact of the July 1999 jökulhlaup at Sólheimajökull (GR3/12969). Fiona is also involved in research on natural hazards, risk and vulnerability funded by the European Commission (FP6 and FP7). She is on the scientific editorial board of the Icelandic geosciences journal ‘Jökull’, is an expert reviewer for European Commission and the European Science Foundation, has served on the governing bodies of international research projects and is an experienced advisor to external agencies and international research committees.

Tel.: : + 44 (0)1782 294113

Dr Liang

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